Sudan and the power struggle

Sudan and the power struggle

By Dr. Ayman Ismail 26/10/2021


The geographical location of the country of Kush has made Sudan a pivotal country, Not only in the African continent but in the Middle East as a whole, unlike the coastal strip extending on the Red Sea, which connects it to the water borders of occupied Palestine in Aqaba, Sudan has a land border with Libya that gives it a view of the north of the continent. And made it a role in the Libyan conflict, Bashir’s Sudan has been active in supporting Islamists at the expense of Haftar’s camp with weapons and training. Sudan also has a land border with Chad, which was one of the colonies of France, which still maintains its presence in Africa, which is rich in gold, diamonds and minerals. In addition, Sudan is an estuary country for the Nile with its white and blue branches, which meet in Khartoum on the road trip to the land of the pharaohs, and this is what puts it at the center of the issue of the age for Africa, the Ethiopian Renaissance Dam. However, Sudan is a strategic depth for Egypt geographically and historically.


Planned by the late Dr. Hassan al-Turabi , the Islamists took control of the reins of power in Sudan through the military coup led by Omar al-Bashir in 89. The people of Sharia were no longer spared from artificial crises: From an economic embargo to the creation of fuel and commodity crises similar to what is happening in Lebanon today, undermining the resistance forces there, To the wide open fronts in the south, east and west, Until you roam around the markets of the capital and find only women, While the men are fighting on the fronts. Despite the crises, Sudan has maintained its Islamic face. And the world was not given, It sheltered bin Laden and Meshaal, It embraced the Palestinians in the PLO and the refugees of Kuwait after the Iraq crisis, And by sheltering the pursuers of Gaza in the early nineties, Finally, by supporting Hamas with money, supply and training, and in a way that cannot be talked about in these words, It opened the doors of its universities to Africans and students from East Asian countries to learn Islamic law and the Arabic language.

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The war ended in South Sudan pursuant to the 2005 Naivasha Agreement, which gave the people of the South the right to vote; a referendum on independence and secession from the mother Sudan after 5 years of ceasefire. And they had what they wanted, This has caused the north and Bashir’s government to suffer economic hardship by losing the south’s resources, including oil. It was the hair that broke the camel’s back, The value of the Sudanese pound will deteriorate against the US dollar and the living conditions of the Sudanese citizen will deteriorate with it, Who came out demanding change after more than two decades of Bashir’s rule and the accompanying crises, It is true that the regime was able to impose control over the demonstrations of 2011 and 2013 that emerged influenced by the Arab Spring revolutions. However, the regime failed to put down the December 2019 revolution and toppled Field Marshal al-Bashir after three decades of rule.


Despite the concession of Bashir’s disciples who control the joints of the state, Especially the army and security forces, And pretending to move to the square of normalization with “Israel” and disavow support for Hamas, which represents the head of the Palestinian resistanceHowever, the opposing forces “communists and liberals” wanted the total exclusion of everything related to the Bashir regime, through the “Removal of Empowerment” Committee, and by fueling the street and challenging sovereign institutions such as the army, and perhaps they rushed to eat a pizza dish one bite, so they suffocated with the exclusionary measures of Al-Burhan Hemedti against the civilian component of the one who represents them, which was considered a coup against The constitutional document regulating the transitional period.


What is sad about the Sudanese case, The Sudanese people demand change in order to build a civil state with an economy that ensures the investment of resources and ensures the welfare of the citizen, But without relying on clean, sincere and impartial revolutionary forces to serve the country and the people, In this case, it is safer for Sudan to produce new political parties with an ideology commensurate with the character and morals of the conservative Sudanese people. Led by charismatic, socially present, politically and economically foresighted, Islamists can take these steps, They have the ingredients that allow the implementation of comprehensive reform plans in the state with new personalities and faces that are acceptable to the street and under a new party name, So that you can achieve legitimacy through the ballot box, which is supposed to be the arbiter and the decisive to get out of the bottleneck.

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